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NSSK (Navjat Shishu Suraksha Karyakram):
NSSK is a programme aimed to train health personnel in basic newborn care and resuscitation, has been launched to address care at birth issues i.e. Prevention of Hypothermia, Prevention of Infection, Early initiation of Breast feeding and Basic Newborn Resuscitation. Newborn care and resuscitation is an important starting-point for any neonatal program and is required to ensure the best possible start in life. The objective of this new initiative is to have a trained health personal in Basic newborn care and resuscitation at every delivery point. The training is for 2 days and is expected to reduce neonatal mortality significantly in the country.

IYCF (Infant and Young Child Feeding):
Infant and Young Child Feeding is the single most preventive intervention for child survival. It advocates the following:

  • Early initiation (within one hour of birth) and exclusive breast feeding till 6 months
  • Timely complementary feeding after 6 months with continued breast feeding till the age of 2 yrs

Comparison of indicators of child feeding practices:


CES (2009)

DLHS-3 (2007-08)

NFHS-3 (2005-06)

Children under three years breastfed within an hour of birth




Children 0-5 months exclusively breastfed




Children age 6-35 months breastfed for at least 6 months